A set of seven articles discusses the benefits of asynchronous video and provides specific guidance about how to effectively incorporate these tools to improve learning.
Prior to the pandemic, instructors taught courses either fully or partially online, using a wide range of tools to teach and connect with students. When the pandemic abruptly curtailed most in-person learning, the number of courses being taught online grew exponentially. Many instructors turned to videoconferencing tools to facilitate their teaching, perhaps because they offer the most obvious approximation of an in-class experience. Videoconferencing tools allowed instructors and students to engage in real-time interactions while maintaining the same class schedule as before the pandemic. Features such as polling and breakout rooms allowed students to engage in interactive and collaborative activities similar to what they would have done in person. For many instructors and students, synchronous interaction using videoconferencing tools felt comfortable, and for some online learning activities, synchronous video was a good solution.
But many instructors and students quickly recognized that video conferencing came with limitations. Instructors found it was more difficult to engage students prone to distractions. Both instructors and students encountered new technological issues and Wi-Fi limitations when multiple people in a household were simultaneously attending videoconferences. "You're on mute" became the quote of the year, and instructors and students commonly left class feeling exhausted, complaining of "Zoom hangovers."
Asynchronous video can help address several of the challenges that instructors and students encountered in videoconferencing. Having worked in online teaching for more than a decade, we have used countless tools and have learned important lessons along the way, particularly in the area of asynchronous video. We have also conducted research into the effectiveness of asynchronous video to promote greater online social learning. In order to assist teachers with incorporating some asynchronous strategies into their teaching, we developed a set of resources to help instructors understand how the benefits of asynchronous video can improve their online, blended, or in-person courses. These resources range from high-level discussions of asynchronous video activities to specific tips on lighting, sound, and the effective integration of video into teaching. These strategies are described in the following articles, published here as a complete series:
- Unbounded by Time: Understanding How Asynchronous Video Can Be Critical to Learning Success
- Putting Your Best Self Forward: 6 Keys For Filming Quality Videos
- Teacher, Are You There? Being "Present" in Online Learning
- Let's Discuss Discussions: Using Asynchronous Video to Improve Online Discussions
- Improving Problem-Based Learning with Asynchronous Video
- Back to Feedback Basics Using Video Recordings
- The Handoff: Transitioning from Synchronous to Asynchronous Teaching
This series of articles was written with the support of EdConnect.
Richard E. West is Associate Professor in the Instructional Psychology & Technology department at Brigham Young University.
Jered Borup is an Associate Professor in the Division of Learning Technologies at George Mason University.
© 2021 Richard E. West and Jered Borup. The text of this work is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 International License.